DWT 8: The Perfect Social Order
ataḥ pumbhir dvija-śreṣṭhā
O best among the twice-born, it is therefore concluded that the highest perfection one can achieve by discharging the duties prescribed for one's own occupation according to caste divisions and orders of life is to please the Personality of Godhead.
Human society all over the world is divided into four castes and four orders of life. The four castes are the intelligent caste, the martial caste, the productive caste and the laborer caste. These castes are classified in terms of one's work and qualification and not by birth. Then again there are four orders of life, namely the student life, the householder's life, the retired life, and the devotional life. In the best interest of human society there must be such divisions of life; otherwise no social institution can grow in a healthy state. And in each and every one of the above-mentioned divisions of life, the aim must be to please the supreme authority of the Personality of Godhead.
This institutional function of human society is known as the system of
Herein the statement of the
Here Sūta Gosvāmī addresses his audience with the word
The brahminical class is essential for actual human civilization, which begins with the social system of
The system of
In the Kṛṣṇa consciousness movement we are training
So, we do not disregard any social division, but we say that everyone must work for the satisfaction of Kṛṣṇa:
Someone may claim, "Oh, I am a philosopher, and I am doing my duty."
"But do you know God, and do you serve God?"
"Yes, I know God: I am God."
Such nonsense will not help you. Suppose an ordinary man claims, "I am the President of the United States." Everyone will understand he is a crazy fellow. Similarly, when a rascal says "I am God," we should understand he is crazy.
You have to satisfy the Supreme Lord with your service, not try to imitate Him. In the
So, the instruction of the
Kṛṣṇa is the Supreme, and everything is an emanation of His energy, which is variegated. A good example is the sun: from the sun emanates the sunshine, which is made up of two energies—heat and light. The whole material creation is based on this heat and light. If there were no heat and light from the sun, the trees would quickly become skeletons. So, while we can distinguish between the sun's heat energy and light energy, in a higher sense they are one because they are both part of the sunshine.
Similarly, two basic energies of Kṛṣṇa are acting in this world—His material energy and His spiritual energy. The material energy consists of earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, intelligence, and ego, and the spiritual energy consists of the living entities (
sthāvara-jaṅgama dekhe, nā dekhe tāra mūrti
sarvatra haya nija iṣṭa-deva-sphūrti
"A spiritually advanced, Kṛṣṇa conscious person sees all moving and nonmoving things, but he does not exactly see their forms. Rather, wherever he looks he sees the manifestation of His worshipable Lord." The vision of an atheist is just the opposite: even if he comes into the temple and sees the Deity form of Kṛṣṇa, he will simply see stone. But a spiritually advanced person who looks at the Deity will see Kṛṣṇa personally. When Caitanya Mahāprabhu entered the temple in Purī and saw the Deity of Jagannātha, He immediately fainted and exclaimed, "Here is My Kṛṣṇa!"
So, to overcome our forgetfulness of Kṛṣṇa, we should make satisfying Him our only business (